cardinal vowel

cardinal vowel
noun
Etymology: cardinal (I)
: one of a series of 16 invariable vowel sounds set up as a standard for describing the quality of the vowels of any language or speaker

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Phonet.
1. any one of eight primary, purportedly invariant, sustained vowel sounds that constitute a reference set for describing the vowel inventory of a language.
2. any one of the eight or more supplementary or secondary cardinal vowels.
[1920-25]

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ˌcardinal ˈvowel 7 [cardinal vowel] noun (phonetics)
one of a set of vowels which are used as reference points when describing the vowels in a particular language

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

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